Ephesians 6:16
"Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be
able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked."













    [4] Faith must be our shield. Above all, or chiefly,
    taking the shield of faith, v. 16. This is more
    necessary than any of them. Faith is all to all in
    us in an hour of temptation. The breast-plate
    secures the vitals; but with the shield we turn
    every way.
This is the victory over the world,
    even our faith.
We are to be fully persuaded
    of the truth of all God's promises and
    threatenings, such a faith being of great use
    against temptations. Consider faith as it
is
    the evidence of things not seen and the sub-
    stance of things hoped for
and it will be of
    admirable use for this purpose. Faith, as
    receiving Christ and the benefits of his
    redemption, so deriving grace from him,
    is like a shield, a sort of universal defence.
    Our enemy the devil is here called
the
    wicked one.
He is wicked himself, and he
    endeavors to make us wicked. His temptations
    are called
darts, because of their swift and
    undiscerned flight, and the deep wounds that
    they give to the soul;
fiery darts, by way of
    allusion to the poisonous darts which were
    wont to inflame the parts which were wounded
    with them, and therefore were so called, as the
    serpents with poisonous stings are called fiery
    serpents. Violent temptations, by which the souls
    is set on fire of hell, are the darts which Satan
    shoots at us. Faith is the shield with which we must
    quench these fiery darts, wherein we should receive
    them, and so render them ineffectual, that they
    may not hit us, or at least that they may not hurt us.
    Observe, Faith, acted upon the word of God and
    applying that, acted upon the grace of Christ and
    improving that, quenches the darts of temptation.
    (Matthew Henry, Matthew Henry’s Commentary of the
    Whole Bible, Volume VI., Acts to Revelation, Old
    Tappan: Fleming H. Revell Company, n.d.), 720).

      
              Ephesians 6:17a
"And take the helmet of salvation, . . ."

               










Verse 17. Take the helmet of salvation] Or, as it is
      expressed, I Thess. v. 8,
And for a helmet, the hope
      of salvation.
It has already been observed, . . . that
      on the crest and other parts of the helmet were a
      great variety of emblematical figures, and that it is
      very likely that the apostle refers to helmets which
      had on them an emblematical representation of
      hope; viz, that the person should be
safe who wore
      it, that he should be prosperous in all his engage-
      ments, and ever escape
safe from battle. So the hope
      of conquering every adversary, and surmounting
      every difficulty, through the blood of the lamb, is
      as a helmet that protects the head; an impenetrable
      one, that the blow of the battle-axe cannot cleave.
      The
hope of the continual protection, built on the
      promises of God, in which the upright follower of
      Christ feels he has a divine right, protects the
      
understanding from being darkened and the judg-
      ment from being confused by any temptation of
      Satan, or subtle arguments of the sophistical un-
      godly. He who carries Christ in his heart cannot be
      cheated out of the hope of his heaven.
(Adam Clarke,
      Clarke's Commentary, A Classic Help of Better
      Understanding of the Bible, Matthew - Revelations:  
      Volume VI, Romans to Revelation (Nashville: Abington
      / World Publishing, 1977, 470).
     
Ephesians 6:17b
" . . . and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:"













    


          



         The sword of the Spirit]
. . . The sword of which St. Paul
          speaks is, as he explains it,
the word of God; that is, the
          revelation which God has given of himself, or what we call
          the
Holy Scriptures. This is called, the sword of the Spirit,
          
because it comes from the Holy Spirit, and receives its ful-
          fillment in the soul through the operation of the Holy
          Spirit. An ability to quote this on occasions, and especially
          in times of temptation and trial, has a wonderful tendency
          to cut in pieces the snares of the adversary. In God's word
          a genuine Christian may have unlimited confidence, and in
          every purpose in which it is applicable it may be brought
          with the greatest effect. The
shield, faith, and the sword-
          the
word of God, or faith in God's unchangeable word,
          are the principal armour of the soul. . . .  
(Adam Clarke,
          Clarke's Commentary, A Classic Help of Better
          Understanding of the Bible, Matthew - Revelations:  
          Volume VI, Romans to Revelation (Nashville: Abington
          / World Publishing, 1977, 470).
     

          
When he [Paul] speaks of the Word of God in terms of `the
sword of the Spirit' in Ephesians 6:17ff.,
it is worth noting
that this is the
only attacking weapon in the Christian's
armour.
Donald Guthrie, New Testament Theology (Downers
Grove: Inter-Varsity Press, 1981), 560